4 axis 4 Sided Planer

4 Sided Planer Moulder For Sale

Four-side planers are widely used in joinery and solid wood industries, mainly for processing wood squares, boards, strips, decorative lines, wooden crafts, and planing wood on the top, bottom, left and right. The wood parts processed by them can obtain accurate width and thickness dimensions, as well as cross-sectional shapes and surface finish.

The four-sided planer consolidates the functions of traditional machines such as surface planers, thickness planers, vertical spindle moulders, and high-speed sanders. It is a typical integrated multi-blade machine that significantly enhances processing capabilities and production efficiency, reduces production cycles, and effectively saves labor.

The Technological Characteristics of Four Sided Planer Moulder

First, the four-sided planer concentrates the processing that can only be completed by multiple machine tools such as flat planers, pressure planers, lower axis vertical milling machines, and high-speed washing machines in traditional processes. It is a typical process-concentrated multi-tool joint machine tool, which can greatly improve processing capacity and production efficiency, effectively reduce production cycles, and effectively save labor.

Second, the processing of the four-sided planer is called one-pass processing. The workpiece can achieve all the required contents through one processing, and the line type is smooth and the size is uniform. At the same time, it avoids the adverse consequences of errors caused by repeated processing of multiple machine tools, and effectively reduces the error rate of workers’ operations.

Third, because the four-sided planer adopts mechanical continuous forced pressing feeding, the feed speed can be variable frequency or stepless speed regulation according to the material of the processed wood and the amount of cutting, which largely avoids the quality defects caused by excessive cutting amount and improves the processing accuracy and quality of the product.

The main type of four-sided planer

Four-sided planers are classified by their production capacity, number of cutter shafts, feed speed, and cutting power of the machine tool. Generally, four-sided planers can be divided into light, medium, and heavy types. The main parameter for measuring the production capacity of a four-sided planer is the maximum width of the workpiece being processed. In addition, the number of cutter shafts, feed speed, and cutting power also reflect the production capacity of the machine tool to a certain extent.

4 axis 4 Sided Planer

Light four-sided planer

Generally 4 axis, the arrangement and order of the cutter axes are: lower horizontal cutter axis, left and right vertical cutter axes and upper horizontal cutter axis. The left vertical cutter axis and upper horizontal cutter axis can be moved and adjusted relative to the right vertical cutter axis and lower horizontal cutter axis. The maximum width of the workpiece to be processed: 20-230mm.

5 axis 4 Sided Planer

Medium four-sided planer

Generally 5-6 axis. The arrangement and order of the first four cutter axes of the five-axis four-sided planer are the same as those of the four-axis four-sided planer. Generally, the fifth cutter axis is used for forming milling, which can be adjusted by 360 degrees of rotation and can cut the fed wood in any direction. The six-axis four-sided planer is based on the five-axis four-sided planer, and a lower horizontal cutter axis is added to the front of all the cutter axes. The workpiece to be processed is processed twice in the lower level, so that the workpiece has a better processing reference and ensures the processing accuracy.

6 axis 4 Sided Planer

Heavy duty four-sided planer

Generally more than 7 axis, the arrangement method: in addition to the basic four-sided processing, there are also fine-machining cutter axes for the reference surface and the forming surface. The maximum width of the workpiece to be processed: more than 200mm.

Advantages Of Four Sided Planer Moulder

Improve processing capacity and production efficiency.

The four-sided planer is a typical process-concentrated multi-tool joint machine tool. Compared with the traditional production line composed of multiple machine tools, it mainly improves processing capacity and production efficiency by shortening the auxiliary working time. Since the processing that can only be completed by multiple machine tools such as flat planer, pressure planer, and lower axis vertical milling machine in the traditional process is completed on a four-sided planer machine, the operation time of the workpiece between machine tools is saved, the output per unit time is increased, and the processing capacity and production efficiency are improved. In addition, the number of machine tools is reduced, which not only shortens the auxiliary working time, but also reduces the number of operators and the floor space of the workshop. Therefore, compared with the traditional multi-machine process, the four-sided planer not only improves the output per unit time, but also improves the production output per unit floor space and per unit personnel.

Improve the yield rate of wood.

The four-sided planer is a one-pass processing. The workpiece can be processed into the required size, cross-sectional shape and surface finish required by one pass, avoiding the need to give a certain amount of cutting each time when multiple machine tools are repeatedly processed to ensure that the indentation caused by the feed mechanism is eliminated during the cutting process.

Improve product quality and processing accuracy.

The processing of the four-sided planer improves the required flatness and surface finish of the workpiece, providing the necessary conditions for subsequent processes to ensure processing accuracy. The four-sided planer is completed in one go, reducing the number of workpiece clamping and positioning, thereby reducing the processing accuracy error caused by positioning error. Since the four-sided planer adopts mechanical continuous forced pressing and feeding, there is little jumping and displacement during the workpiece cutting process, which also provides a favorable guarantee for improving processing accuracy in terms of machine tool structure. The feed speed can be adjusted in multiple gears or stepless speed regulation according to the material of the processed wood and the amount of cutting, which reduces the processing quality defects caused by excessive cutting to a certain extent.

Expand the process range and increase the product variety.

In addition to plane processing, the four-sided planer can also perform tenoning, grooving, straight line and profile processing, which is incomparable to traditional flat planing and pressure planing. Several process processing are performed on one machine tool, which expands the processing technology range of the machine tool and broadens the processing versatility of the machine tool. Without increasing the number of machine tools, the product variety can be increased, the investment in machine tool purchase can be reduced, the area of ​​the workshop can be reduced, and the cost of products can be relatively reduced to a certain extent, thus improving the production efficiency of the enterprise.

4 Sided Planer Moulder 04
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Technical Parameters Of Four Sided Planer Moulder

ModelCRS-B416BCRS-B418D/BCRS-B423D/BCRS-B521DX/BxCRS-B523DX/Bx
Working Width25-160mm25-180mm25-230mm25-210mm25-230mm
Working Thickness8-100mm8-130mm8-130mm8-130mm8-160mm
Min Working Length (Intermittent/Continuous)580/300mm580/300mm580/300mm580x300mm550x300mm
Blade Diameter40mm40mm40mm40mm40mm
Feeding Speed5-36m/min5-40m/min5-40m/min5-40r/min5-40mV/min
Main Spindle Speed7000r/min7000r/min7000r/min7000r/min7000r/min
Trimming Blade Diameter120mm145/4150mm145/4150mm145/4150mm145/4150mm
1st Lower Blade Diameter100mm125mm125mm125mm125mm
Left/Right Blade Diameter100-125mm110-160mm110-160mm125-160mm125-160mm
1st Upper Blade Diameter100-125mm125-160mm125-160mm125-4160mm125-4160mm
2nd Upper Blade Diameter /125-160mm125-160mm125-180mm125-180mm
2nd Lower Blade Diameter / / /125-180mm125-180mm
Total Motor Power15.95Kw24.25Kw39Kw36.25kW47.25kW
1st Lower Blade Power3Kw4Kw7.5Kw5.5kW7.5kW
Left/Right Blade Power3Kw5.5Kw7.5Kw5.5kW7.5kW
1st Upper Blade Power4KW5.5Kw11kw7.5kW11kW
2nd Upper Blade Power5.5Kw//5.5kW7.5kW
2nd Lower Blade Power///5.5kW7.5kW
Feeding Motor Power2.2Kw3Kw4Kw4kW4kW
Lifting Motor Power0.75Kw0.75Kw1.5Kw1.5kW1.5kW
Pneumatic Source Pressure0.6Mpa0.6Mpa0.6Mpa0.6MPa0.6MPa
Overall Size (with cover)3150*1580*1800mm3150*1750*1800mm3150*1580*1800mm3150x1750x1800mm3150x1750x1800mm
Overall Size (No cover)2350*1300*1660mm3070*1300*1660mm3070*1300*1660mm3070x1300x1660mm3070x1300x1660mm
Weight2100kg2700kg/2200kg3100kg/2500kg3500kg/3000kg3800kg/3300kg

How to choose the right four-sided planer?

When choosing a four-sided planer, it is nothing more than choosing the number of cutter axes and the adjustment position between each cutter axis. Generally, the selection should be based on factors such as the shape of the workpiece to be processed, batch size, positioning during feeding, determination of the processing reference, and the convenience of the workpiece passing through the cutter axis. There is no fixed principle for choosing a four-sided planer depending on the environment in which it is used and the type of workpiece to be processed.

When selecting a machine tool, one should consider a main processing direction, take into account the processing requirements in other directions, make overall arrangements, fully consider technical requirements and capital investment, and reasonably select a certain type of machine tool to meet the most process processing needs, minimize cost expenditure, and be the simplest and most convenient operation and maintenance.

1.Determine the number of cutter axes according to the cross-sectional shape required by the workpiece to be processed.

The number of cutter axes of a four-sided planer determines the processing capacity of the machine tool, and mainly determines the cross-sectional shape of the workpiece that can be processed by the machine tool. In general, a workpiece with a regular cross-sectional shape can be processed by a four-spindle four-sided planer to meet the requirements. A workpiece with one surface as a profile and the other three surfaces as a plane can be processed by a five-spindle four-sided planer, in which the last cutter axis is preferably a rotatable and adjustable cutter axis. The processing of workpieces with complex cross-section shapes, such as those including birch grooves, birch heads and two planes, or linear surfaces for decoration, requires the use of seven-spindle or eight-spindle four-sided planing.

2.Select the processing capacity of the machine tool according to the possible processing batch.

The processing capacity of the machine tool mainly depends on the feed speed, spindle speed and cutting power of the machine tool.

Generally, when the feed speed is high, the cutting amount, that is, the width and thickness of the cutting should be small, and the spindle speed should be increased. When the feed speed is low, the cutting amount can be appropriately increased, and the spindle speed can be reduced accordingly to meet the motor power requirements. However, the speed should not be too low, otherwise it will affect the surface quality of the processing. Within the range allowed by mechanical strength and rigidity, the higher the speed of the machine tool spindle, the better the surface quality of the processing.

3. Determine the relative position and feeding method between the machine tool spindles according to the size specifications and accuracy requirements of the workpiece to be processed.

The maximum width of the workpiece that can be processed by the four-sided planer is the main parameter of the machine tool. The cross-sectional dimensions of the workpiece, width and height (thickness), determine the limit range of adjustment between the upper and lower horizontal cutter axes and the left and right vertical cutter axes of the four-sided planer, as well as the adjustment and positioning accuracy of the cutter axes. Generally, the cutter axes of the machine tool should not be at the limit position of their adjustable range, and a certain margin should be left, otherwise it will affect the processing accuracy. Different feeding methods will affect the positioning and clamping of the workpiece during machine tool processing, thereby affecting the processing accuracy of the workpiece. Generally, for thin and long workpieces with poor rigidity, the clamping force of each clamping roller of the feeding mechanism should be small, and the number of clamping rollers should be correspondingly more. For workpieces with good rigidity such as short square materials, the pressure of each clamping roller of the feeding mechanism can be large, and the number of clamping rollers can be reduced accordingly.

(4) Focus on one product, while taking into account the development of other products, and try to choose a machine tool with an expandable process range to meet the needs of future development of the enterprise.

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